Definitions of words in our songs

August 23, 2010 by  
Filed under A Cappella Blog

Contributed by Ken Craig

Dictionary of the Words & Terms

Used In Our Songs


Abba – Aramaic for father; Mk. 14:36

abhor – to shrink away from with disgust

abide – to continue to stay; remain; wait

abode – a dwelling place; home

acclamation – strong approval or loud applause

accord – being in agreement; harmony

adoration – devoted love, respect, and honor for a divine being

advent – coming, arrival

affords – to provide

Afric – Africa

ailings – sickness; a state of not being well

alienation – withdrawing or separation of a person or his affections from something of former attachment

all in all – Col. 3:11; Eph. 1:18-23

allayed – put at rest; quieted; stopped

allegiance – loyalty; faithfulness

alloy – something bad mixed with something better

allure – to fascinate, attract or charm

aloes – a bitter drug made from dried leaves of aloe plants

amen – “So let it be” or “truly”; an expression of agreement

amid – in the middle of

ancient foe – enemy; Satan

Ancient of Days – God; Dan. 7:9

anthems – songs of praise or devotion

arbor – extreme passion, emotion

ardent – characterized by warmth of feeling; typically expressed in eager, zealous support or activity

armor God has given you – Eph. 6:11-17

array – to decorate or dress in impressive clothing

art – are, is

ascribe – attribute to someone or something

assail – leap upon in a violent attack with blows or words

asunder – apart from each other in position

atone – to make amends for a fault or sin

aught – anything

avail – be of use or advantage toward attainment of a goal

aye – eternal, always, continually

azure – the blue color of the clear sky


bade – (past tense of bid) to invite

balm – anything that heals or soothes

balmy – pleasant fragrance; sweet odor

band – a number of persons acting together

bands – anything that ties or binds

banish – to cause to leave; to drive away

baptize – immersion in water for remission of sins; Acts 2:38

bar – the part of a law court where judges or lawyers sit or where prisoners are brought to trial

bark – ship

barque – boat or ship

barter – trade

Bartimaeus – Son of Timaeus, Mk. 10:46-52

base – fundamental; basic

beacon – a fire or light used as a signal to guide or warn

befall – happen, take place

beguiled – to be deceived

benedictions – expressions of good wishes or blessings with which public worship is concluded

benighted – over taken by night

bereavement – a desolate or lonely condition

bereaving – to deprive ruthlessly, rob

bestow – to present something as an honorable gift

betide – befall; happen to; occur

Beulah land – land of rest, peace; Isa. 62:4; lit. married

bid – request

bidding – inviting

billows – great wave or swelling mass of smoke, flame, water, sound, etc.

blest – abbreviated form of blessed; holy; sacred

blight – anything that withers; decay

bliss – great happiness or joy

boist’rous – (boisterous) – violent; rough

born of the spirit – Jn. 3:5; Titus 3:5

borne – (past participle of bear) – brought forth

bound – (noun) – boundary; farthest edge

bound – (verb) – to move with a series of leaps

bowers – shelters (as in a garden) made with tree boughs

Bread of heaven – Jn. 6:32-35

Bread of life – Jn. 6:22-71

breakers – things that break, crush or destroy; waves

briars – thorny or prickly bushes

bride – Rev. 21:2,9; Eph. 5:22-27

Bright and Morning star – Jesus; Rev. 22:16

brine – very salty water; the sea

brink – edge of a very steep slope

brooded – hover over; hang close over; as a hen over her eggs

brow – the edge of a steep place

buffet – to strike; knock about

bulwark – a defense; protection; support

buoyant – able to float; tendency to rise

buried in water with Him – Rom. 6:3,4; Col. 2:12


Calvary – (lit. skull); a place not far from the walls of Jerusalem where Christ was crucified and near where He was buried; called “Golgotha” in the Hebrew language; Lk. 23:33; Mt. 27:33; Mk. 15:22; Jn.19:17

Calvary’s tree – the cross on which Jesus was crucified

Canaan – lit. land promised to Abraham; fig. Heaven

carol – a song to celebrate joy or praise

cassia – species of plant from which the drug senna is made

celestial – having to do with the heavens

charter – a written document or contract between 2 parties

chasm – a very deep gap, crack, or break (in the earth)

Cherubim – living heavenly creatures in winged human-animal form. Gen. 3:24; 2 Sam. 22:11

children of day – 1 Thess. 5:5

children of dust – Gen. 3:19; Job 34:15

Christ – lit. anointed; spec. of Jesus: the anointed of God

Church of God – 1 Cor. 1:2; 1 Tim. 3:15

city foursquare – Rev. 21:16

cleansing in the blood – Rev 1:5; 1 Jn. 1:7

cleft – a space or opening made by splitting; a crack

coming in the clouds – Acts 1:9-11; 1 Thess. 4:13-18

commune – mutual sharing of feelings and thoughts; Jn. 14:23

comrade – companion who shares one’s interests

conducts – directs

confess – 1 Jn. 4:2,3,15; Mt. 10:32; Lk. 12:8; Rom. 10:9-10

consecrate – dedicate to a sacred purpose; hallow

consolation – comfort

constrains – to force; compel

consummation – completion; fulfillment

contempt – the feeling that something is low or worthless

contrite – showing deep regret and sorrow

contrition – grief; remorse or repentance

convene – come together

corroding – to wear away; destroy

counsel – deliberate purpose; plan

courts – the residence of a supreme ruler

covet – to wish for enviously

crape – a piece of black cloth used as a sign of mourning

creed – any statements of faith or principles

crimson – a deep red

crimson tide – fig. the blood of Jesus. Mt. 26:28; Rev. 1:5

cross daily bear – Lk. 9:23; Mt. 10:38; Lk. 14:26-33

crown of life – 2 Tim 4:8; Rev. 2:10

crowning day – Judgment day; 2 Tim. 4:8; 1 Pet. 5:4

crusts – outer part of bread or other food; Mt. 15:26-28?

crystal fountain (or sea) – Rev. 15:2-3; 4:6

cumbered – burdened

cup of anguish – Mt. 26:38-39; Jn. 18:11

cup of blessing – 1 Cor. 10:16; 11:25; Mt. 26:27-28


dauntless – not able to intimidate or discourage

debtor – one who owes something

decree – law, statute

decreed – something ordered or settled by authority

deem – think; judge

defile – to destroy the purity or cleanness of something

delusive – misleading; deceptive

deride – make fun of; mock; ridicule and treat scornfully

desolate – lay waste; make barren

desolations – ruined, lonely, or deserted places

despair – state of being without hope

despondent – without courage or hope; discouraged

detains – to keep in custody; confine

diadem – a crown worn to symbolize honor

din – a loud, confused noise that lasts a great while

discord – difference of opinion; disputing; disagreement

dismayed – sudden disappointment and loss of courage

distil – extract; to give off

divine – characteristic of God

domain – territory under one government

dome – a rounded roof

dominion – supreme authority; rule

dread – to look forward with fear

drear – sad; sorrowful

drooping – hanging downward; fig. sad

dross – waste matter, worthless stuff; rubbish


e’en – even

ebb – fall from higher to lower level or better to worse state

Ebenezer – lit. stone of help; 1 Sam. 7:12

ebon – black; dark; fig. sorrows

employ – devote time to

endow – to provide with something

endued – to supply with power; to put on

endured – furnished; supplied

enfold – (infold); embrace; encompass; enclose

enraptured – full of gladness; happiness; great joy

enshroud – to cover with a burial cloth

ensign – an identifying banner or flag

enthrall – hold spellbound; fascinate; charm

entreat – to plead with urgently; esp. in order to persuade

ere – before, sooner than, or rather than

estate – a condition or stage in life

ether plains – upper regions of space; fig. heaven

exalted – to be raised in honor or rank

excel – to do better

exile – separation from one’s home; banishment

extol – to praise highly


factions – self-seeking groups within a larger group

fain – by choice; gladly

fairest of 10,000 to my soul – S. of Sol. 5:10

faith – unquestioning belief; Heb. 11:1

falter – to lose courage; fall back

famish – to starve

fare – fee; payment; fortune

fathomless – too deep to be measured

fervent – showing warmth or feeling

fervor – great warmth of feeling; intense emotion

fetters – bonds put around the ankles to restrain movement

fidelity – steadfastness; loyalty; faithfulness

fightings and fears within, without – 2 Cor. 7:5

finite – having definite or definable limits

flee – to move swiftly away

fleeting – passing away quickly

flock – a group of the same kind

flow – continuous forward movement

foe – enemy

foil – to bring to a stop or prevent from attaining an end

fold – group of people holding a common faith or enthusiasm

folly – being foolish; lack of sense; unwise conduct

forlorn – left alone; deserted

forsake – abandon; renounce; give up

frame – an established order

fraught – full of or accompanied by something

fray – a brawl or fight

fruitage – fruit; a crop of fruit

fruition – fulfillment; attainment


gall – that which is bitter; Jn. 19:28-29

garb – clothing; any sort of covering worn

garner – to gather and store away

germ – something that serves as an origin

Gethsemane – Aramaic for oil-press; a place on the Mount of Olives where Jesus prayed; Mt. 26:36; Mk. 14:32

gird – to fasten or put on

girded – equipped

girt – surrounded, encircled, as with a belt

glades – clearings in the forest

glassy sea – Rev. 4:6; 15:2

glean – to gather small bits of grain by patient effort

gleaners – those who gather bits of grain by patient effort

gleanings – that which is left on a field by reapers

glory – great praise and honor given to someone

glory circled throne – Rev. 4:2-6; 8:3

Go into all the world – Mk. 16:15

God so loved – Jn. 3:16

God-head three – term for the one only the living and true God, who subsists in Three Persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Mt. 3:13-17; 28:19), although in essence He is one (Jn.10:30; 1 Tim. 2:5)

gospel armor – Eph. 6:10-17

gospel call – 2 Thess. 2:14; 2 Tim. 1:9; Heb. 3:1

grace all sufficient – 2 Cor. 12:9

grandeur – greatness of appearance; magnificence

grave where they laid Him – Mt. 27:57-61; Lk. 23:50-53

grope – to look for uncertainly or blindly

guerdon – a reward

gushing – rushing out suddenly


habitation – a place to live in; home

hail – acclamation; exclamation; shout in welcome; greeting

Hallelujah – “Praise Jehovah”; beginning of many Psalms

hallowed – holy; honored

halls of Pilate – official residence of the Roman governor

Hark! – listen closely

harvest is past – Jer. 8:20

haste – quick and lively

hasten – to act or move with speed

haven – a place of shelter and safety

heav’nly hosts – army of angels; Ps. 103:20-21

heavy-laden – oppressed with a burden; Mt. 11:28

heed – consideration

height and depth…length and breadth – Eph. 3:18

herald – to bring news of something

hewn – to have made or produced

Ho, every thirsting, sin-sick soul – Isa. 55:1; Jn. 4:5-15

hoary – old; ancient

hoary hairs – white or gray hair showing age

Holy – regarded with or characterized by divine power; set apart to the service of God

holy Dove – fig. Holy Spirit; Mt. 3:16

Hosanna – “Save, we pray” – cry of people as Jesus entered Jerusalem: Mt. 21:9-15; Mk. 11:9,10

hosannas – shouts of praise or adoration

host – an army

hosts of heaven – heavenly bodies; Deut. 17:3

house of light – Rev. 21:23; 22:5

hue – the complexion, aspect and degree of color

hurl – to throw with much force

hymns – songs giving praise to God


I AM – The name of Deity, indicating self-existence,

idly – doing nothing; inactive

idol – anything put before or in place of God

illumed – lit up and made bright

Immanuel – “God with us” the title applied to the Messiah

impart – reveal; grant; bestow; give

impel – to spur to action; to drive forward

implore – beg earnestly for something

impulse – an act of driving onward, inspiration, motivation

in my stead – in my place; instead of

in our stead – in our place; instead of

incline – to bend or bow forward

Inspiration – “God-breathed”; the special influence of the Holy Spirit guiding certain persons to speak and write what God wanted communicated to others, without suspending their individual personality

intercede – 1 Jn. 2:2; To plead on another’s behalf

interposed – to put between

intervene – to come between


jasper – precious stone; Rev 21:11,19

jeering – making fun rudely or unkindly; mocking

Jehovah – name of the God of Israel; implies eternity

Jericho – city 5 miles W of the Jordan and 7 miles N of the Dead Sea. There are three Jerichos: the O.T. city, the N.T. city, and a modern town, all near each other. Possibly the oldest city in the world.

jubilant – expressing or showing joy

jubilee – rejoicing; great joy


King of kings – Jesus; Isa. 33:22; Jn. 18:37; 1 Tim. 1:17; 6:15; Rev.17:14; 19:16


laden – carrying a great load or burden

Lamb of God – Jesus; Isa. 53:7; Jn. 1:29; 1 Pet. 1:18-19

languish – suffer under unfavorable conditions

languor – lack of energy; weakness

laud – to sing or speak the praises of

lay – short lyric or narrative poem; a song

lest haply – for fear that perhaps; by chance

Lily of the valley – Song of Sol. 2:1

linger – stay on; go slowly; hesitate; delay; dawdle

list – listen

living well – Jn. 4:13-14; Rev. 21:6

Living Word – Jn. 1:1,14; Rev. 19:13; Jesus Christ

Lo! – look!; see!

loath – having a feeling of distaste

lofty – having great imposing height; exalted; grand

Lord of hosts – Lord of armies; Isa. 54:5; Jas. 5:4

Lord Sabaoth – Lord of Hosts; Lord of armies; Jas. 5:4

Love one another – Jn. 13:34-35; 1 Jn. 4:7

lowly – low in rank, station, position, or development


Macedonia – country north of Greece; often visited by Paul

Macedonian call – spread the gospel; Acts. 16:9

magnify – to glorify or praise someone or something

main – the open sea; ocean

majesty – grand; noble; dignified; stately

Man of sorrows – Jesus; Isa. 53:3

manifest – reveal; display; show plainly

mansion – fig. dwelling place in heaven; Jn. 14:2-3

mar – to scratch, scuff up, or deface so as to spoil the beauty of something

margin – edge; border

Master – ruler; lord; teacher; guide; prince; chief; owner

maze – intricate network of passages or pathways

meekly – mildly and patiently

melodious – sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear

mercy’s gate – fig. obedience and acceptance of God’s grace

mingled – to combine in mixture

mirth – merriment or joyousness; Ecc. 8:15

miry – wet, swampy ground; Ps. 40:20

mite – a small coin or sum of money; Mk. 12:41-44

molded and meet – formed and suitable; Isa. 64:8; Jer. 18:6

molest – to bother, annoy, persecute

Monarch of monarchs – (King of Kings); Jesus; 1 Tim. 6:15

moor – to fix firmly; secure

Morning Star – Jesus; Rev. 22:16

mortal – subject to death

Mt. Pisgah – a mountain peak in the Abarim range in Moab on NE shore of the Dead Sea from which Moses viewed the Land of Promise (Deut. 3:27) called also “the hill”

Myrrh – incense or perfume


narrow way – Mt. 7:13-14; Lk. 13:23-24

naught – nothing

New Jerusalem – Rev. 3:12; 21:2

nigh – very near; close at hand

nobler – superior in character or nature


oft – often

Olive – (Mount of Olives); (Olivet); a ridge approx. 1 mile long, with 4 summits, E of Jerusalem, through which the Kidron stream flows

omnipotent – unlimited or infinite power

one Lord, one faith, one birth…one hope – Eph. 4:4-6

Ophir – a place in Arabia or Africa from which Solomon obtained gold, precious stones, and wood for the Temple; I Kings 9:28; 10:11

oppress – to burden or trouble as if to enslave

ordain – to establish as an order

own – confess; Mt. 10:32-33


pall – a heavy cloth used to cover a coffin

paltry – of no worth; trifling; petty

panoply – complete suit of armor

pants – longs, desires

parchment – the skin of sheep, goats, etc., dried and made into thin sheets for use as a writing material

pavilion – shelter

pavilioned – sheltered

Peace, be still – Mk. 4:39

pearly gates – Rev. 21:21; fig. the entrance to heaven

perennial – lasting through the whole year; enduring

peril – danger; risk; chance of harm, loss or destruction

perpetuation – indefinitely continued; occurring repeatedly

pilgrim – (noun) one on a journey; Heb.11:13-16; 1 Pet. 2:9-12

pilgrim – (verb) to wander

pilgrimage – a journey to some sacred place; life on earth

pilot – guide; lead

pine – to long earnestly; yearn

pined – desired

pining – pain; suffering; misery

pinion – lit. to bind; also, as a noun, the wings of a bird

Pisgah – a mountain peak in the Abarim range in Moab on NE shore of the Dead Sea from which Moses viewed the Land of Promise (Deut. 3:27) called also “the hill”

plain – a level stretch of land

plaintive – expression of suffering or woe

plane – a level of development, achievement, or existence

plea – an earnest request; need

plight – a bad condition or state

pomp – showy display; boastful show

portal – a door, gate, or entrance; esp. a large imposing one

Potter, I am the clay – Isa. 64:8; Jer. 18:6

precept – a rule or command meant to guide one’s conduct

prevail – to succeed

Prince of glory – Acts 5:31; Rev. 1:5

Prince of Peace – Isa. 9:6; Eph. 2:14

prodigal – wasteful

proffer – an offer made for acceptance

Prophet and Priest and King – Mt. 2:2; 13:57: 21:11;

prostrate – lying face down in demonstration of humility

psalm – a sacred song or poem

purge – to clear of defilement or quilt


quickened – made alive

quill – (noun) a pen

quill – (verb) comfort; console

quiver – shake; shiver; tremble


radiance – vivid brightness; brilliance

radiant – shining; bright; beaming

rage – violent anger

rally – come together; assemble; mass meeting

ransom – the price paid before a captive is set free

ransomed – those who have been delivered from captivity by the payment of a price. Specifically: Christians

rapture – gladness; happiness; great joy

rashly stirred – hastily moved to action

realm – kingdom, sphere or domain

reap – to cut grain and gather a crop

reapers – people who cut grain and gather a crop

reckoned – thought; considered

redeem – buy back or reclaim; Gal. 3:13

redeemed – set free; rescued; saved

Redeemer – one who buys back or reclaims; Gal. 3:13; Jesus

redeeming grace – Eph. 2:5; Acts 15:11

redemption – deliverance; rescue (from sin)

refine – free from impurities

refrain – chorus; a phrase repeated regularly in a song

refuge – a shelter or protection in time of danger

renounce – give up entirely; cast off

renown – famous reputation

rent – torn; split

repine – complain or protest

repining – to be discontented; fret; complain

repose – a state of eternal or heavenly rest

reproach – guilty of blame; disgrace

revere – love and respect deeply; honor greatly

revile – abuse with words

rifted – a cleft, break, or crack

rills – tiny streams; little brooks

riven – torn apart: split

roam – to move about aimlessly or without a purpose

robe and a crown…reward – 2 Tim 4:8; Rev. 2:10; 7:9,13-15

Rock of Ages – 1 Cor. 10:4; 2 Sam. 22:2

Rose of Sharon – fig. Jesus; Song of Sol. 2:1


sacred – worthy of reverence and honor

sacred page – the Holy Scriptures

saint’s and angel’s song – Rev. 5:9; 14:3

sanctify – set apart; dedicate to God; Jn. 10:36; Heb. 2:11

scoffers’ creed – rule book for those who mock the Bible

scoffing – to mock

scribe – a person whose occupation is writing

scroll – a roll of parchment or paper

seal – fasten; shut; close tightly

semblance – appearance

seraph – (seraphim); celestial beings whom Isaiah saw standing before the

enthroned Lord. Isa. 6:2-7

serene – peaceful; calm; tranquil

sever – cut apart; divide; separate

shackles – something that confines or prevents free action

Sharon – coastal plain between Joppa and Mt. Carmel; figurative of fruitfulness, glory, and peace

Sharon’s perfect sweet rose – Song of Sol. 2:1; fig. Jesus

sheaves – something gathered and tied together in a bundle

sheep that went astray – Lk. 15:1-7; Isa. 53:6; 1 Pet. 2:25

shelt’ring wing – Ps. 57:1; 91:1-4; Lk. 13:34

shield and defender – Ps. 18:2; 28:7; 33:20

shield and portion – Ps. 33:20; 73:26

shirk – avoid or get out of doing a duty

shirkers – one who evades the performance of an obligation

shoal – sand bar, or ledge of rock; coral

shrine – something considered as sacred

sickle – a tool consisting of a short, curved blade on a short handle, used for reaping grain

Siloam’s fountain – reservoir located within Jerusalem

slope – a stretch of rising or falling ground

snare – something by which one is entangled, or involved in

solace – comfort in a time of trouble or grief

soldiers of the Lord – Eph. 6:10-17; 2 Tim. 2:3-4

solemn – serious; earnest; sacred

solemnly uttered – seriously spoken

Son of God – Jn. 3:16; Rom. 8:3; Gal. 4:4

sordid – very dirty; filthy

sore – tender or painful

soul’s abode – dwelling place in heaven; Jn. 14:2-3

Sov’reign – (Sovereign); supreme ruler; Jesus Christ

sown – scattered about like seed

span – a very short distance between two points

Spirit of light – the Holy Spirit

Spirit’s call – 2 Thess. 2:14

Spirit’s sword – the word of God; Eph. 6:17

spurn – refuse with contempt; oppose with scorn

standard – a flag or other object used to indicate the rallying point of an army

station – situation or position

stem – to make progress against

stirred – moved to action

straight and narrow way – Mt. 7:13-14; Lk. 13:23-24

strain – flow of language

straits – difficulties; distresses

strand – Poetic: the land bordering a sea or lake; shore

streets of gold – Rev. 21:21

strength “it shall be as my day” – Deut. 33:25

strength and shield – Ps. 18:2; 28:7; 33:20

strewn – scattered about

strife – bitter and violent conflict or dissension

strive – endeavor; struggle

subdue – to conquer or overcome

sublime – grand; noble; majestic; exalted; excellent

succession – things following each other in sequence

succor – comfort

summit – the highest point attainable

supernal – existing in the realm above life or earth

surges – a large swell of water

survey – to take a broad, general or comprehensive view

sustained – kept up without intermission

sway – to exert influence or control

sweat as blood – Lk. 22:44; Hematadrosis: when stress causes the capillaries in the sweat glands to burst

sword – Eph. 6:17; Heb. 4:12


table land – a high, broad, generally level region

tarry – delay or be tardy in acting or doing

teeming – full; alive

tempest – a violent storm or disturbance

tempestuous – stormy; violent

temple within – 1 Cor. 6:19-20

tempter – the devil; Mt. 4:1-11; Mk. 1:12-13; Lk. 4:1-13

terrestrial – having to do with the earth

thirsty soul – Jn. 4:13-14; 6:35; Rev. 22:17

threadbare – worn so much that the threads show

throne of mercy – Heb. 4:16

throng – a crowd; great number; multitude

tide – lit. stream or current; fig. spread of the Gospel

tidings – news; information

toil – hard work; labor

toilsome – requiring or characterized by hard work

tongue unbridled – not held back or controlled; Jas. 3:2-12

torrents – violent, rushing stream; flood

tranquil – very calm; quiet; peaceful

transient – passing quickly or soon; not lasting; fleeting

tread – to walk or travel

tree – the cross; Acts 5:30; Gal. 3:13; 1 Peter 2:24

tree of life – Rev. 2:7; 22:2

tribulation – great trouble or misery; severe trial

trifles – things of little value

trifling – having little value or importance

Trinity – term for the one only the living and true God, who subsists in

Three Persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Mt. 3:13-17; 28:19), although in essence He is one (Jn. 10:30; 1 Tim. 2:5)

trod – past tense of tread; walk; step

trump shall resound – 1 Thess. 4:16

tumult – a state of agitation or disturbance

turbid – muddy; obscure; confusing

twain – two

‘Twixt – (betwixt); between


unfurl – to spread out; unfold


vain – of no use; worthless; empty

vale – valley, dale or rolling country

vanguard – the forefront of an action or movement

vanquish – to conquer, defeat or overcome (in a battle)

vapors – smoke suspended in air; mist or fog

vast – very large or great in size

vaulted – something like an arched roof

veil – something that covers or hides

verdant – green with growing plants

verge – edge

vernal – having to do with spring

vigor – strong and energetic action

vile – morally disgusting

vilest – foulest; most disgusting; most evil


waft – to transport or transfer very quickly

Wages of death to pay – Rom. 6:23; Jas. 1:15

wail – to express sorrow audibly with a mournful cry walking in love – Eph. 5:2

waning – decreasing; declining in strength

washed – immersed; baptized Acts 22:16

washed in the blood of the Crucified – Rev 1:5; 1 Jn. 1:7

waver – weakened; unsteady

wayside – the edge of a road or path

weal – well-being; prosperity; happiness

wending – to direct; to go toward

wert – were, was

whence – from what place; from where

White as snow – Isa. 1:18; Ps. 51:7

wholly – completely; totally

wings of might – Ps. 57:1; 91:1-4; Lk. 13:34

woe – great sorrow, grief, trouble, or distress

woeful – a condition of deep suffering from misfortune

woes – deep suffering from misfortune or affliction

worlds unknown – fig. of Heaven: Heb. 11:16; Jn. 14:2

wretch – a very bad or evil person

wretched – very miserable

writhing – twisting and turning; suffering mentally


yearn – to feel a strong desire for someone or something

yield – to give in to something

yoke – lit. a wooden bar used to join together 2 animals working together; fig. binding of things together

yon – (yonder); situated over there

yonder – at or in that place “over there”; fig. heaven


zeal – earnest enthusiasm as displayed in action

zephyr – a soft gentle wind; mild breeze

Zion – also called Sion; term originally used for one of the hills on which Jerusalem stood; referred to as the “city of David” and later all of Jerusalem; city of the redeemed (Heaven); 2 Sam. 5:7; Heb. 12:22; Rev. 14:1

zion’s call – 2 Thess. 2:13-14

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